Spondylolisthesis is a condition where the bone of the vertebrae in the spine slips out of position.

Causes of Spondylolisthesis

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Spondylolisthesis can result from several different causes:

  • For children, this can be a birth defect or from trauma.
  • For adults, the most common cause of the slip is degenerative diseases.
  • Other causes can be bone diseases, traumatic fractures, and stress fractures.

Spondylolisthesis Symptoms

  • Low backache
  • Pain depending on fracture location
  • Muscle pain
  • Muscle spasms
  • Loss of range-of-motion


The first step to begin diagnosing spondylolisthesis is a physical exam;  spondylolisthesis can also be diagnosed by an X-ray, MRI, or CT scan.

Spondylolisthesis Treatment

Coastal Spine has developed several spondylolisthesis treatments, including:

  • Bracing, physical therapy and injections
  • Surgery.
    • If spondylolisthesis symptoms get worse, surgery may be required. Surgical treatment can often be arranged in an outpatient setting with a minimally invasive surgical procedure. The procedures are completed either in our spine dedicated surgical center or the local hospital.
  • Possible surgeries include minimally invasive laminectomy and fusion (TLIF).
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